Dogs come in all sizes–from the tiny Chihuahua to the extremely tall Great Dane. For those of you interested in owning a large dog breed, there are some factors you need to take into consideration. First, it is important to understand that many large dog breeds were bred for a purpose, such as hunting, guarding, or working. Knowing what a breed’s function is will help you gt an idea of the dog’s personality and exercise needs. So, here is a list of 10 large dog breeds and some important information about them.
10 Large Dog Breeds
#1 The Great Dane
The Great Dane is the tallest dog breed out there. This breed holds the world record for tallest dog. In fact, a Great Dane named Zeus holds the record, and he measured 44.0 inches paw to shoulder! Also, on average, Great Danes weigh more than 100 pounds! It was originally bred for hunting boar, bear, and deer. Nowadays, the Great Dane enjoys being a part of the household. It is a patient and friendly dog that is somewhat active. 2-3 walks a day will keep him happy.
#2 The Bullmastiff
Weighing between 100-130 pounds, the Bullmastiff is large with a solid build. Originally bred by gamekeepers to guard estates, they know how to protect their family. These dogs are brave and loyal, and they are somewhat active. Proper training and socialization are needed so the bullmastiff will become a behaved member of the family. They tend to be a little independent, so consistent training is necessary.
#3 The Newfoundland
The Newfoundland is a big dog. The record weight for this breed is 260 pounds! The Newfoundland was originally bred in Canada to help the fishermen pull nets. They are excellent swimmers and are known to help with water rescue. These guys are devoted and patient, which makes them gentle giants. Newfoundlands need room to run around and stretch their legs. Due to their working-nature, they need daily exercise.
#4 Great Pyrenees
The Great Pyrenees is a large mountain dog that was originally bred to protect livestock. Their dense, weather resistant coat helps them survive the colder mountain climate. Also, these dogs typically weigh 85-140 pounds. This dog breed is somewhat active and needs its daily exercise.
#5 Bernese Mountain Dog
Weighing between 80-120 pounds, this large working dog was originally bred as an all-purpose farm dog. They even drove cattle throughout the Alpine region. The Bernese Mountain Dog is a very popular dog breed in German-speaking countries. This large dog breed is very active and loves to play outside. They love hiking and cart pulling.
#6 Irish Wolfhound
This large dog breed originates from Ireland. It is an Irish sighthound that was bred for hunting wolf and guarding homes. It is believed that this dog breed is very old (thousands of years old!). These calm and dignified dogs weigh over 100 pounds. Also, since the Irish wolfhound is a sighthound, they are prone to chase fleeing prey.
#7 Dogue De Bordeaux
Starting at a minimum weight of 100 pounds, the Dogue De Bordeaux originates from 14th century France. They were bred to guard castles and flocks and pull carts. This dog breed is not very active, but still needs to be walked every day.
#8 The Leonberger
The Leonberger is a gentle giant. It is first and foremost a family dog. If properly trained and socialized, these dogs are perfect for families with kids. Originally, these large dogs were kept on farms and now are used as water rescue dogs in Canada. Males can weigh up to 170 pounds, and females up to 130 pounds! These giant dogs love walks and swimming!
#9 Saint Bernard
The Saint Bernard is a giant working dog breed. A record weight for this breed is over 300 pounds! However, on average they weigh between 140-180 pounds. When properly socialized, these dogs are gentle giants.
#10 Tibetan Mastiff
Originating from the regions of China, India, and Tibet, these giant dogs were bred for protecting sheep from wolves, tigers, bears, and other large predators. The Tibetan Mastiff is not a true mastiff, rather a mountain dog breed. Its name was a misnomer. Also, these dogs weigh between 100-160 pounds. Their large weight was necessary for taking on large predators. This dog breed is not well suited for apartment life and needs a large yard.
Things to consider before getting a large dog breed:
- Large dog breeds typically have shorter life spans (some only living 7 years)
- Costs more to own a large dog. Large dog breeds eat more food and vet costs may be more.
- Some large dog breeds may not do well in apartments. They take up more space and may need more space to run around.
- Many large dogs are big droolers